Dansguardian

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Dansguardian web content filtering

PythonIcon.png Skill level: Medium
The instructions on this page require a basic knowledge of linux.

Version

Contrib 9:
Contrib 8:
dansguardian
The latest version of dansguardian is available in the SME repository, click on the version number(s) for more information.
Contrib 9:
Contrib 8:
smeserver-dansguardian
The latest version of smeserver-dansguardian is available in the SME repository, click on the version number(s) for more information.


Description

Dansguardian is a web content filter, which analyses the actual content of web pages based on many criteria including phrase matching, PICS filtering, URL filtering and lists of banned sites. Each content type is given a score, and when the threshold score is exceeded, access to the web site is blocked. For additional information see http://dansguardian.org

This HOWTO requires command line control to edit configuration files & restart the dansguardian service after configuration changes.

There is a commercial implementation of Dansguardian for sme server which adds a server manager panel to allow GUI control of all Dansguardian functionality & settings, see http://dungog.net/wiki/Dungog-dansguardian


Information

To have a proper understanding of how Dansguardian works and the importance of certain configuration settings you should read the detailed installation notes and Manual at the Dansguardian web site http://dansguardian.org

An old version 2.4 installation notes are here: http://dansguardian.org/downloads/detailedinstallation2.4.html#further

The FAQ is here: http://sourceforge.net/docman/display_doc.php?docid=27215&group_id=131757

Information about group configuration is here: http://contentfilter.futuragts.com/wiki/index.php?title=Group_Configuration

Mailing list is here: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/dansguardian/

The information on the Dansguardian website and other websites referred to, is of a generic nature and some of it is NOT applicable to sme server installations, refer to the instructions in this HOWTO in preference.

Installation instructions

Install dansguardian and it's dependencies from the smecontribs repository

yum --enablerepo=smecontribs install smeserver-dansguardian 

Optional, download and install a set of blacklists from http://urlblacklist.com/ alternatively you can choose ftp://ftp.ut-capitole.fr/pub/reseau/cache/squidguard_contrib/blacklists.tar.gz from http://dsi.ut-capitole.fr/blacklists/


Important.png Note:
It is not sufficient to simply install the package, the appropriate manual configuration is an integral part of getting Dansguardian working on your system. A minimal installation requires all the configuration steps listed below to be carried out, ie from the "Modifying Firewall and Proxy" section up to "Filter Groups and Auth login". Filter Group configuration is only required if you wish to control access on a per user basis.


Information.png Tip:
If you would like to have a graphical and web based overview of what dansguardian has analyzed then take a look at http://wiki.contribs.org/Dansguardian-stats

Upgrading

There are substantial changes between dansguardian v2.9 over previous v2.8 (or earlier) installations. The recommendation from dansguardian.org is to edit the new configuration files/lists rather than try to edit your old ones.

Upgrading from 2.9 versions creates .rpmnew config files under /etc/dansguardian. This preserves your existing config files, but there is a chance that dansguardian won't start if parameters in the config file have changed.

Clamav libraries can cause problems when updating. If while updating you see something like

Error: Missing Dependency: libclamav.so.3 is needed by package dansguardian

Update with

yum update --enablerepo=smecontribs dansguardian clamav 

then

yum update

Modifying Firewall and Proxy

Configuring your system to force Dansguardian usage & prevent bypassing

These instructions assume that the sme server is running in server gateway mode and acting as the gateway for your network, and the squid proxy is running on the same machine that Dansguardian is running on.

If your server is configured in server only mode, then you will need to point your browser at that machine to find the squid proxy rather than the default gateway.

Dansguardian uses port 8080 for web proxy requests. If your browser does not use port 8080 then Dansguardian filtering will be bypassed. To force this usage & prevent users bypassing filtering you should do ALL the following steps:

1) Configure your SME Server to use Transparent Proxy port 8080 and to block direct access to the squid proxy port 3128 & redirect port 80 to port 8080

Note the functionality to create the required custom firewall rules using iptables is built in to the smeserver-dansguardian and is configured with the following commands. The Transparent proxy must also be enabled (which is the sme default) to prevent users bypassing Dansguardian filtering.

config setprop squid TransparentPort 8080
config setprop squid Transparent yes
config setprop dansguardian portblocking yes
signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot

To return Transparent Proxy port to default value and to disable portblocking and to enable the Transparent proxy (which is the sme default)

config setprop squid TransparentPort 3128
config setprop squid Transparent yes 
config delprop dansguardian portblocking
signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot 


Important.png Note:
If you disable the Transparent Proxy feature of SME Server, Dansguardian can be bypassed at will by your users. You should keep the Transparent Proxy enabled (configured as above) for filtering to work.

2) Configure your workstation web browser to auto detect proxy port

Go to your workstation and open your browser eg Internet Explorer or Firefox or your preferred browser

Change the settings for Connections to LAN

Select Auto detect proxy

Or alternatively use the server IP 192.168.1.1 (or whatever yours is) and use a port of 8080

Bypass Proxy

Allow individual PC's or selected sites to bypass the proxy (and dansguardian) entirely see Firewall#Bypass_Proxy.

Workstation IP allocation

Control of workstation access to the web (when using dansguardian), is implemented by nominating the workstation IP in the various dansguardian configuration files (ie the local LAN IP address). To apply consistent filtering rules or allow proxy bypass (see section above), the workstation IP must remain the same throughout restarts & DHCP IP refreshes or allocations. Configuring your workstations to have a consistent IP is a fundamental & important step when configuring your whole computer system.

This can be achieved by manually specifying a fixed IP address when each workstation is configured, but requires every workstation to be setup individually. Alternatively the workstation can be configured for auto allocation of an IP, and the Hostnames and Addresses panel in server manager can then be used to force the allocation of a specified IP by the SME DHCP server, based on the workstation NIC mac address. See the SME Manual for further details at http://wiki.contribs.org/SME_Server:Documentation:Administration_Manual:Chapter13#Reserving_IP_Addresses_Through_DHCP The basic steps are to determine the mac address of your workstation NIC and then create a hostname eg station5 and enter the mac address and the required "forced or fixed" IP eg 192.168.1.5

Any reference to the filtering of station5 then uses the IP 192.168.1.5, which will always stay the same, unless the NIC is changed. Remember to re-enter the mac address details into server manager, in the event the workstation NIC or motherboard is changed.

Configuring Proxy to use Auth login

Dansguardian supports different types of auth login ie ncsa, pam & ident, and allows control of web site access based on user name. For more details regarding the various auth login methods & other configuration requirements, see http://dansguardian.org or Google.

Enable this functionality using the appropriate command, depending on your requirements. Most users of sme will probably use pam auth as that will authorise access against sme users and passwords.

Choose one of the following

config setprop squid RequireAuth pam
config setprop squid RequireAuth ncsa
config setprop squid RequireAuth ident

To disable Auth login

config delprop squid RequireAuth

To enable any of the above setting changes you must follow the command with

expand-template /etc/squid/squid.conf
sv t /service/squid

Using NCSA Auth login

If you are using ncsa auth, create the user & password authentication list (you don't require users to be valid sme users)

touch /etc/proxyusers

Enter user names & password combinations one by one using this command

htpasswd -b /etc/proxyusers username password

You can test the authentication list using the following command

/usr/lib/squid/ncsa_auth /etc/proxyusers

Then enter the username & password when asked

You will see a ERR or OK response

Using Ident login

If you are using ident auth, you will require a ident client on your workstation. One windows ident client is available from:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/retinascan

In some cases, the Windows firewall blocks access to the ident client and you will have to add an exception in your firewall rules as follows:

Control Panel >> Windows Firewall >> Exceptions >> Add Port

  • Name: auth
  • Port number: 113
  • TCP

Modifying Dansguardian Configuration Files

Modifying Dansguardian dansguardian.conf & dansguardianf1.conf files

You need to manually modify various configuration files. As a minimum the following basic changes need to be made:

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardian.conf

You will initially need to change:

accessdeniedaddress = 'http://YOURSERVER.YOURDOMAIN/cgi-bin/dansguardian.pl'

for example to

accessdeniedaddress = 'http://www.mydomain.com/cgi-bin/dansguardian.pl'

Make any other required changes to suit your situation by carefully reviewing the other setting possibilities

To save & exit

Ctrl o
Ctrl x


pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf

You may initially need to change (to suit adult level of protection)

naughtynesslimit = 50

to

naughtynesslimit = 160 

(or even 250 or 300 depending on your sensitivity/tolerance requirements)

Make any other required changes to suit your situation by carefully reviewing the other setting possibilities

Save & exit

Ctrl o
Ctrl x

Additional Options can be found here, http://wiki.contribs.org/Dansguardian/ConfigFiles under the topic dansguardian.conf & dansguardianf1.conf

If you have additional filter groups, then additional configuration files will need to be created and modified. See section on "Filter Groups and Auth login" below.

Modifying other Dansguardian configuration files

You will need to change other config files to suit your site requirements:

You can read information in the beginning of each config file that explains usage & syntax

These are located in

/etc/dansguardian/lists...  
/etc/dansguardian/lists/f2/...  

& so on and subfolders

eg

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/lists/f2/bannedextensionlist

make the required changes

Ctrl o
Ctrl x

Most users will need to change these 4 files as a minimum

bannedextensionlist
bannedsitelist
bannedurllist
exceptionsitelist

You should review ALL the dansguardian config files in /etc/dansguardian/lists and subfolders as part of your initial Dansguardian setup.

Some of the default settings in these files will prevent access to certain web sites and file types, which may conflict with your site requirements.

For many more details and descriptions on the configuration files see Dansguardian/ConfigFiles page of this Howto or at http://dansguardian.org

Modifying the default html error message page

You may also want to tailor the html template for the error message displayed when Dansguardian blocks a site, see

/etc/dansguardian/languages/(languagename)/template.html

or in some newer versions

/usr/share/dansguardian/languages/(languagename)/template.html

e.g.

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/languages/ukenglish/template.html

After you make any changes to the template.html you will need to run the command,

/etc/init.d/dansguardian restart 

for the changes to take effect.

Filter Groups and Auth login

Dansguardian supports filter groups, which allow web access control of users based on filter group membership. Different users can have different access rights, and to achieve this each filter groups configuration files are configured with different access rights. Users are made members of the required filter group by editing /etc/dansguardian/lists/filtergroupslist

When you open a web browser you get asked to login with a username & password. Depending on the users group membership they get filtered or unfiltered access.

For additional information on filtering users access rights based on group membership (in conjunction with Auth login), see http:/dansguardian.org

In order to use filter groups, you must be using one of the Auth login methods.

If you wish to authenticate users when opening a browser using pam auth method, then you will need to disable Transparent Proxy as it is not compatible with this method.

Issue the following command

config setprop squid Transparent no 
expand-template /etc/squid/squid.conf
sv t /service/squid

Doing the above will also require you to manually specify the proxy settings in your browser, so you will need to add the server IP eg 192.168.1.1 and port 8080 for the proxy setting

You cannot have pam auth enabled and Transparent Proxy set to yes.

Issue one of the following commands to enable the type of Auth login required, which will then permit the configuration & use of Filter Groups

config setprop squid RequireAuth pam
config setprop squid RequireAuth ncsa
config setprop squid RequireAuth ident

To enable any of the above settings do

expand-template /etc/squid/squid.conf
sv t /service/squid


When using Filter Groups, a typical situation may have:

Filter Group 1 - blocked users (no access) - See [1]
Filter Group 2 - standard users (standard access rights)
Filter Group 3 - guest users (limited access rights)
Filter Group 4 - power users (more generous access & file download rights)
Filter Group 5 - admin users (unlimited access)


To create the additional filter group configuration files and folders do

cp /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf2.conf
cp /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf3.conf
cp /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf4.conf
cp /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf5.conf

Because the Filter Group 1 (default) uses the configuration files located at the root of "/lists" directory, it is only necessary to create the rest of the directories f2, f3, f4 and f5 to host the configuration files for each Filter Group.

Each filter directory (f2, f3, etc.) will house all the configuration files located at the root of "/lists" directory unless filtergroupslist, bannediplist and exceptioniplist, because they are not used for filtering because only they are called (logically) from the general configuration file dansguardian.conf.

Because the configuration files are modified, is a smart idea to create a "virgin" copy of the files and then use it to create new filters directory. This directory will named "virgin" or something similar.

mkdir -p /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin
cp /etc/dansguardian/lists/* /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin
rm -f /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin/filtergroupslist
rm -f /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin/bannediplist
rm -f /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin/exceptioniplist
cp -R /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin /etc/dansguardian/lists/f2
cp -R /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin /etc/dansguardian/lists/f3
cp -R /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin /etc/dansguardian/lists/f4
cp -R /etc/dansguardian/lists/virgin /etc/dansguardian/lists/f5

(which will include all subfolders and files)

Then edit & save the various main configuration files

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf2.conf

and change all instances of /lists/ to /lists/f2/ in filename locations


pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf3.conf

and change all instances of /lists/ to /lists/f3/ in filename locations


pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf4.conf

and change all instances of /lists/ to /lists/f4/ in filename locations


pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf5.conf

and change all instances of /lists/ to /lists/f5/ in filename locations


Edit & save the main dansguardian configuration file to setup filter groups

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardian.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group options
filtergroups = 5

(or however many filter groups you want to have)

#Auth plugins
authplugin = '/etc/dansguardian/authplugins/proxy-basic.conf'

(leave other possibilities with # at start of line)


Edit Filter Group 1 main configuration file

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group mode
groupmode = 0
#Filter group name
groupname = 'Blocked Users'


Edit & save Filter Group 2 main configuration file

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf2.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group mode
groupmode = 1
#Filter group name
groupname = 'Standard Users'


Edit & save Filter Group 3 main configuration file

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf3.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group mode
groupmode = 1
#Filter group name
groupname = 'Guest Users'


Edit & save Filter Group 4 main configuration file

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf4.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group mode
groupmode = 1
#Filter group name
groupname = 'Power Users'


Edit & save Filter Group 5 main configuration file

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf5.conf

Configure the following settings as shown

#Filter group mode
groupmode = 2
#Filter group name
groupname = 'Admin Users'


Edit & save the Filter Groups List file to add details of users and their group membership All users are automatically members of Filter Group 1, so you only need to add details of users who are in other groups.

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/lists/filtergroupslist

add entries for users who are members of other filter groups, use this format

username=filtergroupnumber

for example

ray=filter2
george=filter3
mary=filter4
peter=filter5

and so on.

Filter group 2,3,4 & 5 settings override filter group 1 settings.

Restart dansguardian for changes to take effect

/etc/init.d/dansguardian restart

You can create as many groups as you want, using similar steps as above.

Each group can have different levels of filtering eg different exceptionlists and naughtyness limits etc.


edit the exception and banned lists in

pico -w /etc/dansguardian/lists/f2/exceptionsitelist

etc etc

and in each other group list structure eg f3, f4 & f5

Where f2 is a blocked group then setting changes to exception & other lists for that group will have no effect. Where f5 is a unfiltered group then setting changes to exception & other lists for that group will have no effect.

ClamAV support

If you want to use DansGuardian with SME antivirus, edit /etc/dansguardian/dansguardian.conf and uncomment following line:

contentscanner = '/etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/clamdscan.conf'

Now at the end of the file, add following lines:

# OPTION: virusscanexceptions
# If off, antivirus scanner will ignore exception sites and urls.
virusscanexceptions = on

also edit /etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/clamdscan.conf and uncomment

+ clamdudsfile = '/var/clamav/clamd.socket'
- #clamdudsfile = '/var/run/clamav/clamd.socket'

If you also want to be warned each time a bad page is blocked, edit /etc/dansguardian/dansguardianf1.conf and modify default settings:

usesmtp = on
mailfrom = 'dansguardian'
avadmin = 'admin'
contentadmin = 'admin'
notifyav = on      <= virus mail alert
notifycontent = on <= content mail alert

Restart dansguardian and try to download eicar test virus

DansGuardian should block the download!

ClamAV & Dansguardian on SME 9+

The path to clamd.socket changed with SME 9, and users report file access rights issues between dansguardian and clamav.

After installing DansGuardian and completing the clamav setup instructions above, there are 3 extra steps to take on SME9:

1. The path to clamd.socket must match the path given in /etc/clamd.conf

  • edit /etc/dansguardian/contentscanners/clamdscan.conf and set clamdudsfile to:
 clamdudsfile = '/var/clamav/clamd.socket'

2. Dansguardian and Clamav must run as the same user for clamav scanning to work. Set Dansguardian to run as 'clamav' as follows:

  • edit /etc/dansguardian/dansguardian.conf
    • uncomment 'daemonuser' and 'daemongroup'
    • set 'daemonuser' to 'clamav':
 daemonuser = 'clamav'
 daemongroup = 'dansguardian

3. Correct the ownership on existing files and folders that belong to the original dansguardian user account.

  • Execute the commands below
 chown clamav /var/log/dansguardian/access.log
 'rm' -rf /tmp/.dguardianipc
 'rm' -rf /dguardianurlipc


Restart dansguardian and test

 /etc/init.d/dansguardian restart

Other Dansguardian Config Files

There are many other config files, including but not limited to the ones in this appendix

See Dansguardian/ConfigFiles

Starting Dansguardian

After install & initial configuration you must manually start Dansguardian to enable web content filtering

(Note that suitable links to start Dansguardian at startup/reboot are setup when the rpm is installed)

/etc/init.d/dansguardian start

Stopping Dansguardian

If you need to stop Dansguardian (ie to disable filtering or test your system without Dansguardian running)

/etc/init.d/dansguardian stop

Restarting Dansguardian

You will need to restart Dansguardian after making any configuration changes (so they can take effect)

/etc/init.d/dansguardian restart

Status check of Dansguardian

If you need to check that Dansguardian is running

/etc/init.d/dansguardian status


Testing access

From a workstation web browser go to the site of www.sex.com or www.sex.com.au

You should receive a message advising the site is blocked. Try browsing to other sites with inappropriate content or a site on your banned site list and you should receive a site blocked message.

Remember that access to sites is controlled by settings in the config files.

Using Group Policy Editor to force proxy port setting on workstations

If you are using Windows & Internet Explorer you can use Group Policy Editor (gpedit.msc) to configure your workstation settings, to force all users of the workstation to use preset proxy port settings.

Refer to this forum thread for additional details

http://forums.contribs.org/index.php?topic=38284.0

Some users report that this method does not seem to work for them.

An alternative approach (which is known to work OK), is to use gpedit.msc to remove the IE menu option for changing connection settings. Do this using the following brief steps.

Run gpedit.msc

Select Local Computer Policy

Select User Configuration

Select Administrative Templates

Select Windows Components

Select Internet Explorer

Select Disable changing connection settings

Select Enabled then click OK

This will disable the Internet Explorer menu Tools/Internet Options/Connections, so ensure you have made the correct desired settings first.


Note that if TransparentPort = 8080 and portblocking = yes and you are not using Group Filtering, workstations can be set to "Auto detect proxy port" and will be forced to use Dansguardian.

Note that if Transparent = no and you are using Group Filtering with user login authentication, then your browsers proxy port will need to be set to port 8080 (for all users). If you are using Windows & Internet Explorer, then using gpedit.msc can simplify configuration for all users of workstations.

Bugs

Please raise bugs under the SME-Contribs section in bugzilla and select the smeserver-dansguardian component or use this link .

IDProductVersionStatusSummary (3 tasks)
9613SME Contribs9.0CONFIRMEDclamdscan fails with dansguardian
9459SME Contribs9.0CONFIRMEDUpgrade dansguardian to dansguardian-2.12.0.3
4820SME Contribs7.4CONFIRMEDDansguardian can be bypassed


Changelog

Only versions released in smecontrib are listed here.

smeserver-dansguardian Changelog: SME 8
2016/03/21 Jean-Philipe Pialasse 2.9-12.sme
- fix non blocking error on first installation if no log files [SME: 9354]
2013/11/01 JP Pialasse 2.9-11.sme
- lib64 patch for PAM squid auth see [SME: 7648]

2013/07/02 JP Pialasse 2.9-10
- more severe Requires for dansguardian [SME: 7716]

- fix clamav user for logs after rf rpm
2009/06/09 Stephen Noble 2.9-7
- undo portblocking on 443
2009/04/30 Stephen Noble 2.9-6
- portblocking now blocks 443 as well as 3128
smeserver-dansguardian Changelog: SME 9
2014/06/16 JP Pialasse 2.10-1.sme
- initial import to SME9 contribs

2013/07/02 JP Pialasse 2.9-10
- more severe Requires for dansguardian [SME: 7716]

- fix clamav user for logs after rf rpm
2009/06/09 Stephen Noble 2.9-7
- undo portblocking on 443
2009/04/30 Stephen Noble 2.9-6
- portblocking now blocks 443 as well as 3128
2008/05/30 Stephen Noble 2.9-5
- fix portblocking on 8080




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