Difference between revisions of "Wordpress Multisite"

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Following Step-by-Step instructions are for installing wordpress in an i-Bay of SME Server.
 
Following Step-by-Step instructions are for installing wordpress in an i-Bay of SME Server.
 
Instructions below will show you how to install both single wordpress install and Multisite.
 
Instructions below will show you how to install both single wordpress install and Multisite.
Instructions were originally written and tested on SME 8.x, but should function fine in any future versions of SME Server.  
+
Instructions were originally written and tested on SME 8.x,(*) but should function fine in any future versions of SME Server.  
 +
 
 +
(*) If you have followed this How-To prior to April, 15 2018, please update your template described in Part 2, Section 2. 
  
  
Line 154: Line 156:
 
Contents of the text file:
 
Contents of the text file:
  
 +
<syntaxhighlight>
 +
{
 +
    use esmith::AccountsDB;
 +
    my $accounts = esmith::AccountsDB->open_ro;
 +
 +
    use esmith::DomainsDB;
 +
    my $domains = esmith::DomainsDB->open_ro;
 +
 +
    $OUT = "";
 +
 +
    my $ibay = $virtualHostContent;
 +
    my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$ibay";
 +
    my $cgiBin = $accounts->get_prop($ibay, "CgiBin") || "";
 +
    my $ssl_domain = $accounts->get_prop($ibay, "SSL") || "disabled";
  
  {
+
    $OUT .= "    DocumentRoot        $basedir/html\n";
      use esmith::AccountsDB;
 
      my $accounts = esmith::AccountsDB->open_ro;
 
 
 
      use esmith::DomainsDB;
 
      my $domains = esmith::DomainsDB->open_ro;
 
 
 
      $OUT = "";
 
 
 
      my $ibay = $virtualHostContent;
 
      my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$ibay";
 
      my $cgiBin = $accounts->get_prop($ibay, "CgiBin") || "";
 
 
 
      $OUT .= "    DocumentRoot        $basedir/html\n";
 
 
 
      if ($cgiBin)
 
      {
 
  $OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
 
      }
 
      else
 
      {
 
  $OUT .=
 
  "    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
 
        . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $ibay CgiBin "
 
      . "enabled\n"
 
        . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
 
      }
 
      $OUT .= "#    Alias      /files  $basedir/files\n";
 
     
 
      if (($domains->get_prop($virtualHost, 'SystemPrimaryDomain') || 'no')
 
            eq 'yes')
 
      {
 
  my @ibays = $accounts->ibays;
 
  foreach my $ibay (@ibays)
 
  {
 
      my $key = $ibay->key;
 
      next if $key eq $virtualHostContent;
 
      my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$key";
 
      my $cgiBin = $ibay->prop("CgiBin") || "";
 
      my $name = $ibay->prop("Name") || "";
 
     
 
      $OUT .= "\n";
 
      $OUT .= "    # $key ibay ($name)\n";
 
      $OUT .= "\n";
 
     
 
      if ($cgiBin)
 
      {
 
  $OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /$key/cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
 
      }
 
      else
 
      {
 
  $OUT .=
 
      "    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
 
      . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $key CgiBin "
 
  . "enabled\n"
 
      . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
 
      }
 
 
 
      $OUT .= "    Alias      /$key/files  $basedir/files\n";
 
 
 
      # Make sure this one is last since it's a prefix of the above
 
      # aliases. If we put it first, it would get expanded before the
 
      # other aliases, creating problems.
 
 
 
      $OUT .= "    Alias      /$key        $basedir/html\n";
 
  }
 
  $OUT .= "    # No ibays in system\n" unless @ibays;
 
      }
 
  }
 
 
 
 
 
  
To activate the custom template:
+
        my $SSLPort = $modSSL{'TCPPort'} || '443';
 +
        if (( $port ne $SSLPort ) && ( $ssl_domain eq 'enabled'))
 +
        {
 +
        my $portspec = ($SSLPort eq 443) ? "" : ":$SSLPort"; 
 +
        $OUT .= "    RewriteEngine on\n";
 +
        $OUT .= "    RewriteRule ^/(.*|\$) https://%{HTTP_HOST}${portspec}/\$1 [R,L]\n";
 +
        }
 +
 
 +
    if ($cgiBin)
 +
    {
 +
$OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
 +
    }
 +
    else
 +
    {
 +
$OUT .=
 +
"    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
 +
      . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $ibay CgiBin "
 +
    . "enabled\n"
 +
      . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
 +
    }
 +
    $OUT .= " #  Alias      /files  $basedir/files\n";
 +
   
 +
    if (($domains->get_prop($virtualHost, 'SystemPrimaryDomain') || 'no')
 +
        eq 'yes')
 +
    {
 +
my @ibays = $accounts->ibays;
 +
foreach my $ibay (@ibays)
 +
{
 +
    my $key = $ibay->key;
 +
    next if $key eq $virtualHostContent;
 +
    my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$key";
 +
    my $cgiBin = $ibay->prop("CgiBin") || "";
 +
    my $name = $ibay->prop("Name") || "";
 +
   
 +
    $OUT .= "\n";
 +
    $OUT .= "    # $key ibay ($name)\n";
 +
    $OUT .= "\n";
 +
    my $SSLPort = $modSSL{'TCPPort'} || '443';
 +
 
 +
    if (( $port ne $SSLPort ) && (($ibay->prop('SSL') || 'disabled') eq 'enabled')){
 +
        my $portspec = ($SSLPort eq 443) ? "" : ":$SSLPort"; 
 +
$OUT .= "    RewriteEngine on\n";
 +
$OUT .= "    RewriteRule ^/$key(/.*|\$) https://%{HTTP_HOST}${portspec}/$key\$1 \[L,R\]\n";
 +
    }
 +
    if ($cgiBin)
 +
    {
 +
$OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /$key/cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
 +
    }
 +
    else
 +
    {
 +
$OUT .=
 +
    "    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
 +
    . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $key CgiBin "
 +
. "enabled\n"
 +
    . "    #  /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
 +
    }
 +
 
 +
    $OUT .= "    Alias      /$key/files  $basedir/files\n";
 +
 
 +
    # Make sure this one is last since it's a prefix of the above
 +
    # aliases. If we put it first, it would get expanded before the
 +
    # other aliases, creating problems.
 +
 
 +
    $OUT .= "    Alias      /$key        $basedir/html\n";
 +
}
 +
$OUT .= "    # No ibays in system\n" unless @ibays;
 +
    }
 +
}
 +
 
 +
</syntaxhighlight>To activate the custom template:
  
 
   signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot
 
   signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot

Revision as of 06:45, 16 April 2018

This is a copy of instructions originally created and published by Calisun: http://wiki.contribs.org/User_talk:Calisun

Introduction

Following Step-by-Step instructions are for installing wordpress in an i-Bay of SME Server. Instructions below will show you how to install both single wordpress install and Multisite. Instructions were originally written and tested on SME 8.x,(*) but should function fine in any future versions of SME Server.

(*) If you have followed this How-To prior to April, 15 2018, please update your template described in Part 2, Section 2.


The instructions are Medium difficulty and assume that you know how to:

  • Create an ibay and create a domain using server-manager
  • Upload files to server using FTP. For ease of use I recommend GUI program, like Filezilla or WinSCP
  • That you know how to issue a command to server using PuTTY or similar program. For ease of use I recommend ShellinaBox
  • That you know how to create a database and database user. For ease of use I recommend PHPMyAdmin


 Notice: When installing ANY web application in an iBay of the SME server, there is always a danger of internal network
 users changing (intentionally or accidentally) files in the application iBay. 
 If there is a possible security issue with internal network users, it is recommended to install wordpress 
 contribution from here: http://wiki.contribs.org/Category:Contrib
 If there is no internal network user security issue, or the server only has admin access, you may continue.
    Administrators should make use of Groups to only allow authorized users to have access to ibay files via samba/Windows filesharing.

PART ONE:

A) Wordpress install in an iBay of SME server:


A1) Create an iBay in which you wish to install wordpress on.

When creating the iBay in server-manager:

   * - Change the group from Admin to everyone. - This will allow users to create blogs and post pictures without having permission issues.
   * - Change User access to Write=group, Read=everyone
   * - Under Public access via web, choose Entire internet without password.
   * - Enable Execution of dynamic content. 


A2) Issue a following command to enable PHP temporary upload folder in that iBay.(Change "iBay" to the name of your ibay and remove quote marks). Note you may have to add additional directories beyond what is shown here depending on the plugins you select. Take a look at /var/log/messages if something isn't working. PHP will issue warnings to that log file. Additional directories are added to the db accounts statement below by separating them with a colon.

  db accounts setprop "iBay" PHPBaseDir /home/e-smith/files/ibays/"iBay":/tmp
  signal-event ibay-modify "iBay"


A3) Issue a following command to enable Symlinks in that iBay.(Change "iBay" to the name of your ibay and remove quote marks)

  db accounts setprop "iBay" AllowOverride all
  db accounts setprop "iBay" FollowSymLinks enabled
  db accounts setprop "iBay" Indexes disabled
  signal-event ibay-modify "iBay"

A4) Create mysql database and database user for wordpress to use *(1,2). Make sure database user has all the privileges to the database you have created. For security reasons, allow access to the database from localhost only.

A5) Download latest version from www.wordpress.org to your computer and unzip it. Upload unzipped wordpress to desired "iBay"/html


A6) In the SME server-manager, Create a new domain and point it to the iBay where the wordpress is installed. (Assuming you have already registered a domain with domain registrar and pointed it to your server IP)


A7) Point your web browser to your domain and go through the installation process.

   !! * FOR SECURITY REASONS:
1) Never use "admin" for admin user name, that is the first thing hackers try
2) For wordpress database, change default prefix (inside wp-config.php), which is "wp_" (change WP, leave the underscore, it will make tables easier to read). 
   Changing the table prefix to a random string makes it difficult if not impossible for a hacker to execute remote SQL injection attacks.


   * If you want to have a single blog (personal blog) on one domain, you are done. 


B) Enable a Multisite:


B1) Open wp-config.php and add the folowing code:


  define('WP_ALLOW_MULTISITE', true);

- just above

  define('DB_NAME', .....


B2) Log into your wordpress Dashboard

Under: Tools, Network


Choose desired settings and click on Install

   * NOTE- By default SME Server does not support Wildcard Subdomains, so you will need to choose Subfolder. 

If you want or need to use a Subdomain, you will need to create a custom template for SME Server to support Wildcard Subdomains. For instructions on how to create custom template for Wildcard Subdomains, go below to PART TWO for instructions.


B3) After you click install, you will be taken to a "Create a Network of WordPress Sites" screen

Make sure you follow ALL 3 steps.

   * If you are planning to run several blogs under one domain, than you are done. 


C) To run several Domains on one wordpress install:


C1) You will need to install Wordpress Domain Mapping plugin.

Find it here: http://wordpress.org/extend/plugins/wordpress-mu-domain-mapping/

Just follow installation instructions from the plugin download site.


C2) Create all your domains in the SME server-manager and point them to the iBay where you installed wordpress. (Assuming you have already registered your domains with domain registrar and pointed them to your server IP)

C3) create new sites in wordpress dashboard that will handle new domains created in step C2

!! SME Specific Change: !! (required in order for multisite to display images properly)

SME Server and wordpress use the same folder name "files" for totally different folders in different locations. That conflict is causing problems displaying images inside blogs that use Domain mapping. In order for the images to show up correctly, we need to create a custom template to fix the conflict. Go below to PART TWO for instruction on how to create the custom template.

PART TWO:

Custom Templates


1) Enable Wildcard Subdomains

Inside following folder location:

  /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf/VirtualHosts/

Create a text file named:

  03ServerAlias

Contents of the text file:

  ServerAlias *.{$virtualHost}


To activate the custom template:

  signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot


2) Fix Image display problem in multisite installation.

Inside following folder location:

  /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf/VirtualHosts/

Create a text file named:

  20IbayContent

Contents of the text file:

{
    use esmith::AccountsDB;
    my $accounts = esmith::AccountsDB->open_ro;

    use esmith::DomainsDB;
    my $domains = esmith::DomainsDB->open_ro;

    $OUT = "";

    my $ibay = $virtualHostContent;
    my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$ibay";
    my $cgiBin = $accounts->get_prop($ibay, "CgiBin") || "";
    my $ssl_domain = $accounts->get_prop($ibay, "SSL") || "disabled";

    $OUT .= "    DocumentRoot         $basedir/html\n";

        my $SSLPort = $modSSL{'TCPPort'} || '443';
        if (( $port ne $SSLPort ) && ( $ssl_domain eq 'enabled'))
        {
        my $portspec = ($SSLPort eq 443) ? "" : ":$SSLPort";  
        $OUT .= "    RewriteEngine on\n";
        $OUT .= "    RewriteRule ^/(.*|\$) https://%{HTTP_HOST}${portspec}/\$1 [R,L]\n";
        }

    if ($cgiBin)
    {
	$OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
    }
    else
    {
	$OUT .=
		"    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
	      . "    #   /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $ibay CgiBin "
			    . "enabled\n"
	      . "    #   /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
    }
    $OUT .= " #   Alias       /files   $basedir/files\n";
    
    if (($domains->get_prop($virtualHost, 'SystemPrimaryDomain') || 'no')
         eq 'yes')
    {
	my @ibays = $accounts->ibays;
	foreach my $ibay (@ibays)
	{
	    my $key = $ibay->key;
	    next if $key eq $virtualHostContent;
	    my $basedir = "/home/e-smith/files/ibays/$key";
	    my $cgiBin = $ibay->prop("CgiBin") || "";
	    my $name = $ibay->prop("Name") || "";
	    
	    $OUT .= "\n";
	    $OUT .= "    # $key ibay ($name)\n";
	    $OUT .= "\n";
	    my $SSLPort = $modSSL{'TCPPort'} || '443';

	    if (( $port ne $SSLPort ) && (($ibay->prop('SSL') || 'disabled') eq 'enabled')){
        my $portspec = ($SSLPort eq 443) ? "" : ":$SSLPort";  
		$OUT .= "    RewriteEngine on\n";
		$OUT .= "    RewriteRule ^/$key(/.*|\$) https://%{HTTP_HOST}${portspec}/$key\$1 \[L,R\]\n";
	    }
	    if ($cgiBin)
	    {
		$OUT .= "    ScriptAlias /$key/cgi-bin $basedir/cgi-bin\n";
	    }
	    else
	    {
		$OUT .= 
		    "    # To add cgi-bin ScriptAlias for this i-bay, run:\n"
		    . "    #   /sbin/e-smith/db accounts setprop $key CgiBin "
				. "enabled\n"
		    . "    #   /sbin/e-smith/signal-event console-save\n";
	    }

	    $OUT .= "    Alias       /$key/files   $basedir/files\n";

	    # Make sure this one is last since it's a prefix of the above
	    # aliases. If we put it first, it would get expanded before the
	    # other aliases, creating problems.

	    $OUT .= "    Alias       /$key        $basedir/html\n";
	}
	$OUT .= "    # No ibays in system\n" unless @ibays;
    }
}
To activate the custom template:
  signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot


3) Increase file size limit in PHP.

This step is not necessary, you can do it if you need to upload files/ pictures larger than the default settings in php.

(Wordpress also has its own user upload limit settings, which needs to be changed inside wordpress dashboard, separately from PHP settings)

(Below can be done again if for some reason values need to be changed)


  db configuration setprop php MemoryLimit 128M
  db configuration setprop php PostMaxSize 112M
  db configuration setprop php UploadMaxFilesize 96M
  expand-template /etc/php.ini 
  sv t httpd-e-smith

Sidenote: To see how to change file size limits for other aplications, see here: http://wiki.contribs.org/Email#Set_max_email_size


Good Luck

And have fun with your new Wordpress install.

CaliSun