SoftEther VPN

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==Radius authentication==
 
==Radius authentication==
{{Note box|Softether VPN only accepts a maximum of 9 charachters as the Pre-shared Key. The default key length of SME Server is 31, thus too much for Softether VPN. Since the PSK of SME Server is automatically generated at the time of template expansion (e.g. signal-event remoteaccess-update) and NOT stored in a db key (as it probably should), one can not set the pre-saherd key manually by a db property setting. Testing of the below has been done by manually custom templates limiting the PSK length to 9. A NFR for SME Server has been submitted via bug #10358.}}
+
{{Note box|Softether VPN by default accepts a maximum of 9 charachters as the Pre-shared Key due to possible issues with Android. The default key length of SME Server is 31, thus this may be too much for Softether VPN when used with Andorid clients. Since the PSK of SME Server is automatically generated at the time of template expansion (e.g. signal-event remoteaccess-update) and NOT stored in a db key (as it probably should), one can not set the pre-saherd key manually by a db property setting. Testing of the below has been done by manually custom templates limiting the PSK length to 9. A NFR for SME Server has been submitted via bug #10358.}}
  
PSK lengths greater than 9 characters ARE able to be entered and saved, See following post from Softhere forums and English lang dialog box that is referenced in that post:  http://www.vpnusers.com/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=8405 it requires the answering of the following dialog box with No to set a PSK length greater than 9, beware of issues with Android when length is greater than 10
+
PSK lengths greater than 9 characters ARE able to be entered and saved, See following post from Softhere forums and English lang dialog box that is referenced in that post:  http://www.vpnusers.com/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=8405 it requires the answering of the following dialog box with '''No''' to set a PSK length greater than 9, beware of issues with Android when length is greater than 10
  
 
[[Image:Softether-psk.png|500px]]
 
[[Image:Softether-psk.png|500px]]

Revision as of 10:21, 13 September 2017

Contents

Maintainer

This howto has been developed by Olivier Beeckmans

Sources info are located here : http://www.softether.org/

Compiled from http://forums.contribs.org/index.php/topic,52134.0.html

Description

SoftEther VPN ("SoftEther" means "Software Ethernet") is one of the world's most powerful and easy-to-use multi-protocol VPN software. It runs on Windows, Linux, Mac, FreeBSD and Solaris. SoftEther VPN is open source. You can use SoftEther for any personal or commercial use for free charge. SoftEther VPN is an optimum alternative to OpenVPN andMicrosoft's VPN servers. SoftEther VPN has a clone-function of OpenVPN Server. You can integrate from OpenVPN to SoftEther VPN smoothly. SoftEther VPN is faster than OpenVPN. SoftEther VPN also supports Microsoft SSTP VPN for Windows Vista / 7 / 8 / 10. No more need to pay expensive charges for Windows Server license for Remote-Access VPN function. SoftEther VPN can be used to realize BYOD (Bring your own device) on your business. If you have smartphones, tablets or laptop PCs, SoftEther VPN's L2TP/IPsec server function will help you to establish a remote-access VPN from your local network. SoftEther VPN's L2TP VPN Server has strong compatible withWindows, Mac, iOS and Android. SoftEther Schematic.jpg

Processing

Step to install and run SoftEther

Configure Port Forwarding

In SME Server Manager set the following rules under Security -> Port Forwarding:

Protocol Source Port(s) Destination Host IP Address Destination Port(s) Allow Hosts Rule Comment Action
TCP 1194 localhost 1194 SoftEther OpenVPN
TCP 5555 localhost 5555 SoftEther Management
UDP 1194 localhost 1194 SoftEther OpenVPN
UDP 500 localhost 500 SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec
UDP 1701 localhost 1701 SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec
UDP 4500 localhost 4500 SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec


or you can manually add the portforwarding rules:

db portforward_tcp set 1194 forward Comment 'SoftEther OpenVPN' DestHost localhost DestPort 1194 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
db portforward_tcp set 5555 forward Comment 'SoftEther Management' DestHost localhost DestPort 5555 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
db portforward_udp set 1194 forward Comment 'SoftEther OpenVPN' DestHost localhost DestPort 1194 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
db portforward_udp set 500 forward Comment 'SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec' DestHost localhost DestPort 500 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
db portforward_udp set 1701 forward Comment 'SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec' DestHost localhost DestPort 1701 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
db portforward_udp set 4500 forward Comment 'SoftEther SoftEther L2TP/IPSec' DestHost localhost DestPort 4500 AllowHosts ' ' DenyHosts ' '
signal-event portforwarding-update

Download, Install and Run SoftEther

Install needed tools

yum install gcc 


For SME 9.x 32 Bits

cd /opt
wget http://www.softether-download.com/files/softether/v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-tree/Linux/SoftEther_VPN_Server/32bit_-_Intel_x86/softether-vpnserver-v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-linux-x86-32bit.tar.gz
tar zxvf softether-vpnserver-v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-linux-x86-32bit.tar.gz
cd vpnserver
make # Read and Accept License Agreement, after compile (1 min)
./vpnserver start

For SME 9.x 64 Bits

cd /opt
wget http://www.softether-download.com/files/softether/v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-tree/Linux/SoftEther_VPN_Server/64bit_-_Intel_x64_or_AMD64/softether-vpnserver-v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-linux-x64-64bit.tar.gz
tar zxvf softether-vpnserver-v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-linux-x64-64bit.tar.gz
cd vpnserver
make # Read and Accept License Agreement, after compile (1 min)
./vpnserver start


Remove gcc for security reasons:

yum remove gcc cloog-ppl cpp libgomp mpfr ppl

Finishing Installation On Windows

Download Management Interface
http://www.softether-download.com/files/softether/v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-tree/Windows/SoftEther_VPN_Server_and_VPN_Bridge/softether-vpnserver_vpnbridge-v4.20-9608-rtm-2016.04.17-windows-x86_x64-intel.exe

For the latest versions of SoftEther components please check http://www.softether-download.com/en.aspx

After installation Clic On New Setting
SoftEther WIN 1.png

Set Setting Name, Set Host Name, Choose Port Number 5555
SoftEther WIN 2.png

Connect
SoftEther WIN 3.png

Create Management Password
SoftEther WIN 4.png

Choose Remote Access VPN Server
SoftEther WIN 5.png

Create Virtual Hub Name
SoftEther WIN 6.png

Set Dynamic DNS if Needed (Dynamic IP)
SoftEther WIN 7.png

Enable L2TP/IPSec And Create Pre-Shared Key (No More Of 10 Charactere for compatibility with Android)
SoftEther WIN 8.png

PSK lengths greater than 9 characters ARE able to be entered and saved, See following post from Softether forums and English lang dialog box that is referenced in that post: http://www.vpnusers.com/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=8405 it requires the answering of the following dialog box with No to set a PSK length greater than 9, beware of issues with Android when length is greater than 10

Softether-psk.png

Disable VPN Azure
SoftEther WIN 9.png

Create User(s)
SoftEther WIN 10.png

Set User Name, Autentification Method, Password
SoftEther WIN 11.png

Create Local Bridge

Warning.png Warning:
Ensure Listener List TCP 443 is stopped or deleted, otherwise loss of access to server manager and apache will be lost on reboot.

SoftEther WIN 14.png

Choose Virtual Hub, Choose Bridge With Tap Device, Set Tap Device Name : soft
SoftEther WIN 15.png

Check On SME

# ifconfig
tap_soft  Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:AC:0D:17:8E:2D  
         UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
         RX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
         TX packets:0 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
         collisions:0 txqueuelen:500 
         RX bytes:0 (0.0 b)  TX bytes:0 (0.0 b)

Auto Start SoftEther vpnserver

nano /etc/init.d/vpnserver

#!/bin/sh
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides: vpnserver
# Default-Start:
# Default-Stop:
# Should-Start: portreserve
# Required-Start: $network
# Required-Stop:
# Short-Description: Start and stop the vpnserver server
# Description: SoftEther VPN Server.
### END INIT INFO
DAEMON=/opt/vpnserver/vpnserver
LOCK=/var/lock/subsys/vpnserver
test -x $DAEMON || exit 0
case "$1" in
start)
$DAEMON start
touch $LOCK
;;
stop)
$DAEMON stop
rm $LOCK
;;
restart)
$DAEMON stop
sleep 3
$DAEMON start
;;
*)
echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
exit 1
esac
exit 0

Start In Run Level 7

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/vpnserver
ln -s /etc/init.d/vpnserver /etc/rc7.d/S79vpnserver

Download And Install Bridging

More info is required and needs to be explained why the bridging is needed, if at all.


Important.png Note:
the procedure below is a little dirty, but I don't want to have dependency (OpenVPN). see TODO

For SME 9.x 32 Bits

rpm -i http://mirror.contribs.org/releases/9.2/smecontribs/i386/RPMS/smeserver-bridge-interface-0.2-1.el6.sme.noarch.rpm --nodeps
signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot

For SME 9.x 64 Bits

rpm -i http://mirror.contribs.org/releases/9.2/smecontribs/x86_64/RPMS/smeserver-bridge-interface-0.2-1.el6.sme.noarch.rpm --nodeps
signal-event post-upgrade; signal-event reboot

Configure Bridging and restart

# config setprop bridge ethernetInterface YOUR_LAN_INTERFACE
# config setprop bridge tapInterface tap_soft
# /etc/init.d/bridge restart

Show bridge config settings

# db configuration show bridge

Check Bridge

# brctl show
bridge name     bridge id               STP enabled     interfaces
br0             8000.00ac0d178e2d       no              em1
                                                        tap_soft

Test With Windows

Important.png Note:
Sorry For ScreenShot In French it's My Mother Language

Create VPn Connection

Set Internet Address and Destination Name, clic do not connect now and Next
SoftEther WIN CON 1.png


Set User Name and Password
SoftEther WIN CON 2.png

Set Property On Your VPN Connection
SoftEther WIN CON 4.png

Choose VPN Network Type and clic on Advanced Settings
SoftEther WIN CON 5.png

Type Your Pre-Shared Key
SoftEther WIN CON 6.png

Make A Connection and Check State
SoftEther WIN CON 7.png

You can now access your samba ressources !

Radius authentication

Important.png Note:
Softether VPN by default accepts a maximum of 9 charachters as the Pre-shared Key due to possible issues with Android. The default key length of SME Server is 31, thus this may be too much for Softether VPN when used with Andorid clients. Since the PSK of SME Server is automatically generated at the time of template expansion (e.g. signal-event remoteaccess-update) and NOT stored in a db key (as it probably should), one can not set the pre-saherd key manually by a db property setting. Testing of the below has been done by manually custom templates limiting the PSK length to 9. A NFR for SME Server has been submitted via bug #10358.

PSK lengths greater than 9 characters ARE able to be entered and saved, See following post from Softhere forums and English lang dialog box that is referenced in that post: http://www.vpnusers.com/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=8405 it requires the answering of the following dialog box with No to set a PSK length greater than 9, beware of issues with Android when length is greater than 10

Softether-psk.png

To overcome the limitation of Softether to accept more then 9 characters as a PSK we need to create custom templates that limit the SME Server PSK to 9 characters only:

mkdir -p /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/raddb/clients.conf
nano -w /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/raddb/clients.conf/10localhost

with the following content:

{
 use esmith::util;
 $pw = esmith::util::LdapPassword;
 $pw =~ s/^(.{9}).*$/$1/;
 "";
}
client localhost \{
{
}	secret = { $pw }
{
}	shortname = localhost
{
}	nastype = other
{
}\}

and

mkdir -p /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/radiusclient-ng/servers
nano -w /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/radiusclient-ng/servers/10localhost

with the following content:

{
 use esmith::util;
 $pw = esmith::util::LdapPassword;
 $pw =~ s/^(.{9}).*$/$1/;
 "";
}
localhost { $pw; }


A custom template fragment is required to force ldap authentication for Radius. Create the template fragment:

mkdir -p /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/raddb/users/
nano -w /etc/e-smith/templates-custom/etc/raddb/users/40ldap

and enter the following content and save:

DEFAULT Auth-Type := LDAP

Then we need to expand the template fragments and restart radiusd:

signal-event remoteaccess-update

Then one must set the Radius server credentials in the Softether VPN server manager (thus the info of SME Server itself)

host: localhost or 127.0.0.1
UDP port 1812
key: default shared secret that can be found with:
cat /etc/radiusclient-ng/servers

Softether radius.png

The create a 'passthrough user' with the username of '*', set Auth Type to Radius and enable security policy. The default policy enables allows all SME Server users.

If you previously created SME Server users manually, you can delete these so there is ONLY one user called '*'

Softether user.png

Finally one must set the pre-shared key also in the L2TP settings of the virtualhub

Softether-L2TP-1.png

Softether-L2TP-2.png

All SME Server users should now be able to create a VPN connection. Since Softether VPN is not 'integrated' yet into the db and templating system, one does not need to enable VPN access on SME Server user accounts. This option in Server Manager will be ignored by Softether VPN. By default when authenticating against the SME Server Radius server all users will be able to create a VPN connection.

If you want to deny VPN access to some SME Server users one must create separate user accounts in VPN manager with the username of SME Server, set authentication to Radius and enable security policy. Then edit the security policy and set it to disabled. The SME Server user is no longer allowed to create a VPN.

Server Only Mode

If you have configured your SME server to be in server only mode then it isn't routing traffic in and out of your network. It has been found that with some modem/routers you may need to enable the Virtual DHCP Server functions of Softether so as to access remote lan resources.

From the Softether VPN server manager connect to the relevant VPN server

SoftEther WIN 3.png

Select Manage selected virtual hub

Semanage.png

Select Virtual Nat and Virtual DHCP

Semanagehub.png

Select enable secure NAT and then SecureNAT Configuration

Sevirtnatset.png

In Virtual DHCP Server Settings Set IP range settings as appropriate for the remote lan.

Sevirtnat.png

Disable SME Server PPTPD service

After verifying that your new Softether VPN is working, you may disable the default (and insecure) SME Server PPTPD service:

config setprop pptpd status disabled
signal-event remoteaccess-update

TODO

Create a rpm with softether vpnserver RTM
Create a rpm with a bridge for softether (The smeserver-bridge-interface can do this)
Use SME Radius

Hints and tips

  • Using the native MS-SSTP VPN possibility on windows, one must use not just the username but username@virtualhub_name

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